Motor Vehicle Safety
Child safety seats are extremely effective when correctly installed and used in passenger cars - however, 4 out of 5 car seats are used improperly. Could yours be one of them?
Who Is At Risk?
Riding unrestrained is the greatest risk factor for death and injury among child occupants of motor vehicles.
Misuse of child safety seats is widespread. It is estimated that approximately 85% of children who are placed in child safety seats and booster seats are improperly restrained.
Driver safety belt use is positively associated with child restraint use.
The back seat is the safest place for children to ride. It is estimated that children ages 12 and under are 36% less likely to die in a crash if seated in the rear set of a passenger vehicle.
- Child safety seats are extremely effective when correctly installed and used in passenger cars.
- Adult safety belts do not adequately protect children ages 4 to 8 (about 40 to 80 pounds) from injury in a crash.
- Always use child safety seats and/or safety belts correctly every time you ride. Restrain children ages 12 and under in a back seat.
- Infants, until at least 1 year old and at least 20 pounds, should be in rear-facing child safety seats. Never put a rear-facing infant or convertible safety seat in the front passenger seat of a vehicle with an active passenger air bag.
- Children over 1 year old and between 20 and 40 pounds should be in forward facing child safety seats. In addition, children ages 4 to 8 (about 40 to 80 pounds) should be in a car booster seat and restrained with lap/shoulder belt every time they ride.
- Read your child safety seat instruction manual and your motor vehicle owner's manual for directions on proper installation.
Child Safety Seat Use
Before you hit the road, read this:
- Take a minute to be sure your child is riding safely. Study your vehicle owner's manual and car seat instructions carefully.
- Never place a rear-facing infant in the front seat of a vehicle with a passenger air bag.
- Send in the car seat registration card to be notified in case your car seat is recalled. If you have any questions, call the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Auto Safety Hotline at 888-DASH-2DOT.
- Replace any car seat that has been involved in a crash.
- Route the safety belt correctly through the car seat.
- Correctly buckle the car seat into the vehicle.
- Get a tight fit -- the seat should not move more than one inch from side to side or toward the front of the vehicle.
- Check your vehicle owner's manual to see if you need a locking clip.
Adapted from the National SAFE KIDS Campaign.
- Safe Kids PA Endorses American Academy of Pediatrics Child Passenger Safety Recommendations