- Each year, approximately 100 children ages 14 years and under die as a result of unintentional poisoning.
- Each year, there are more than 90,000 nonfatal poisonings to children that are treated in hospital emergency rooms.
- More than 1.2 million unintentional poisonings among children ages 5 years and under were reported to U.S. poison control centers in 2004.
- In 2005, nearly 63,000 drug poisonings happened to children under age 5 years.
- Non-pharmaceutical products such as cosmetics, cleaning substances, plants, foreign bodies and toys, pesticides, art supplies, and alcohol are responsible for 56 percent of poisoning exposures for children under 5 years of age.
- Each year, an estimated seven children ages 14 years and under are fatally poisoned by exposure to carbon monoxide (CO).
- For every 10 poison exposures in children, approximately 9 occur in the home.
- Calls to poison control centers peak between 4 -11 p.m., especially during warmer months.
- Children are poisoned by household and personal care products, medicines, vitamins, pesticides, plants, lead, and carbon monoxide.
- Among children under 5 years of age, more than half of poisoning exposures are by products such as cosmetics, cleaning substances, plants, toys, pesticides, art supplies, and alcohol; 44 percent of poison exposures are attributed to medicines.
Who Is At Risk?
- Black children under 14 years of age have a poisoning death rate twice that of white children.
- Children ages 5 years and under are at greatest risk for nonfatal poisoning.
- In 2005, half of all poisoning cases occurred to children age 6 years and under.
- Males are at a slightly higher risk for poisoning injury or death than females.
- Know which household products are poisonous.
- Keep poisonous products out of kids’ reach.
- Keep the National Poison Control Center hotline number by each phone (800) 222-1222.
- Don’t mix different cleaning products together.
- Keep products in the original containers. Read labels to learn if a product is poisonous and for first aid information.
- Never refer to medicine or vitamins as candy.
- Choose medicines and products that have child-resistant caps.
- Keep make-up, hair spray, cologne and other personal products away from children.
- Install carbon monoxide detectors in the home.
- Throw away old medicines and cleaning products.
Sub-tab: Poison Prevention.